All About Amber
Natural and Rare Baltic Amber Colors
Before you purchase Amber jewelry, you should read a little about the stone, it’s many variations and colors and it’s origin. There can be over 250 natural colors of amber and in Poland, where it originates, and in the Polish amber industry, they have over 200 names for their national gem. The gas bubbles inside the gemstone can result in different colors and vary in size and quantity within each piece. In the space between these bubbles, the resin is clear. The bubble inclusions actually interfere with the passage of light through the amber. This interference results in the dilution and variations in color and turbidity (opaqueness). Another reason for the different colors is the tree where it originated. Below you can see some of the beautiful colors of amber.
What is Amber?
Amber is a fossilized derivative of extinct trees. Resin found in those now-extinct trees is thought to coursed down through the limbs and trunk of a tree, sealing off cuts to protect the tree from harmful bacteria, fungus, and other threats to its livelihood.
How did Amber get here?
When those now-extinct trees decayed and decomposed, it left the sap behind. Sometimes it would drip off the trees into clumps on the ground. Over millions of years, the sap that was buried under earth, where pressure was applied to it for and eventually transforming it into a dense, hard substance.
Is Amber a fossil?
Amber is the relic of a past that extends as far back as 95 million years ago. In fact, most amber excavated today is roughly 30-95 million years old. There is also composites that are younger than that, have a softer consistency and are referred to as “copal”.
Amber has been found with the bodies of insects and other animals that were alive back when the rock was just a sticky resin. As the resin dripped down the trunk of a tree, small bugs, dirt and animal residue residing on the tree would sometimes get caught in it. The sap was thick and sticky like molasses and would trap the animal inside, and it hardened right along with the amber. Most of the animals found in the amber are extinct.
Caring for Baltic Amber Jewelry
• To clean amber jewelry, use a polishing cloth or warm soapy water. Do not use any active solutions or commercial jewelry cleaners.
• Keep your amber jewelry away from hairspray or perfume and household cleaners.
• Keep your amber jewelry stored away from direct sunlight.
• Don't expose it to extremes in temperature.
• Keep your amber jewelry in a soft cloth or satin bag when you are not wearing it. This will prevent it from being damaged by other jewelry items and will protect any silver chains or settings on the jewelry from becoming tarnished.
• Do not use ultrasonic jewelry cleaners to clean your amber jewelry, as they have been known to crack amber.
• If you wish to polish your amber jewelry, simply apply a tiny drop of olive oil and rub with soft cloth. Be sure to remove any excess oil with a soft cloth.